Content of the material
- About the author
- How to use Pepper Spray
- Move & Spray
- Watch This Video
- Step 3: Rubbing Alcohol
- What is Capzasin?
- What causes jalapeno hands?
- Message from the founder:
- How to properly use pepper spray
- 1. Take the wind direction into consideration
- 2. Hold the pepper spray canister the right way
- 3. Keep your arm slightly bent
- 4. Remove the safety cap
- 5. Keep a safe distance between you and your attacker
- 6. You should aim for the face
- 7. Move out of the way after hitting the shot
- 8. How many sprays are left
- Pepper Spray Delivery Systems
- Pepper spray treatment
- 1. Do not touch your eyes
- 2. Blink your eyes rapidly
- 3. Use gloves
- 4. Wash their eyes with milk
- 5. Use saline water
- How to choose the best results for How To Make Pepper Spray Stop Burning among a bunch of ones you give?
- Burning Skin (aka Hot Pepper Hands) How to treat burning skin from chili peppers
- Step 7: Filter the Mix
- The Scoville Scale
- You were pepper-sprayed: now what?
- Can I contact you for a direct answer for How To Make Pepper Spray Stop Burning?
- Pepper spray works by swelling the mucus membrane of the person it’s sprayed at.
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- Professionally made pepper sprays are at least 20 times more potent than kitchen chili powder.
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About the author
dmb062082 I am a blogger, father, and I can be a geek at times. Self sufficiency is really just a hobby I still have a lot to learn about. I created this blog…. umm. I honestly don’t even know why anymore.
How to use Pepper Spray
There are several steps for effective liquid or gel pepper spray delivery to your target.
Store your spray or gel where it is easily accessible, and quick to deploy. In a pocket, on a belt clip, at the top of your bag or purse.
If you are in a situation where you feel nervous, get it in your hand with a firm grip, get it ready should you need it.
Someone who is 20 feet away from you can close that gap in less than 2 seconds. You need to be ready.
There’s nothing illegal with showing that you have the spray in your hand to deter a would-be assailant, but don’t advertise it unless you need to.
Be mindful of wind, and try to minimize or avoid splash back onto you if you are downwind of an attacker.
If you are indoors you will likely be affected by the spray to some degree. Leave the area as quickly as possible.
If possible take a defensive stance like this: Empty arm forward, hand open.
Arm with the spray behind the extended hand, at head level and inline with your nose.
This serves two purposes:
- You attacker will likely go for that arm first, giving you more time to deliver the spray.
- You will block some spray that might come back in your direction.
Move & Spray
If you are rushed by an attacker, move. Get off the “X” is the expression.
Step to the side or move at a 45 degree angle. Try to avoid stepping backwards, you could trip and fall over your feet or an unseen object.
To apply to your target, spray in an sweeping burst pattern across eyes and head, it will get around glasses if the target is wearing them. Spray into nose and mouth if possible.
Move again. Side step and apply again from another angle if possible, move offline at a 45 degree angle.
Don’t just spritz them, soak them down until they drop.
Get away from your attacker quickly, it takes several moments for the spray to reach full impact on the target.
In that time they could still reach you and get a grip or a blow onto you.
Watch This Video
This is the best video I’ve found about the technique I’ve learned and advocate.
What he is using here is a cone spray to fill an area. Cone sprays are a little harder to find in the US, and the downside to them is they can contaminate you. They can fill a big space, but don’t travel as far as the concentrated sprays.
If you want to get a cone type sprays: Sabre Red 2.0 oz Max Strength Pepper Spray, Cone Delivery or Pepper Enforcement PE510MF-FT Fogger Pepper Spray
Step 3: Rubbing Alcohol
Next take your rubbing alcohol and pour it into your plastic container. Add up to about 1 cm above the pile of ground pepper
What is Capzasin?Flush your eyes with water.
Pepper spray leaves an oily residue on your skinand in your eyes which you need to clean off as quickly aspossible. The most straightforward way to do this is just byflushing your face and eyes with coolwater.
What causes jalapeno hands?
Chemically speaking, Jalapeño Hands iscaused by exposure to the capsaicin in peppers. Capsaicindoes not actually cause a chemical burn, but it reacts withyour nervous system in a way that makes your body thinkyou’ve been burned, triggering tissue inflammation.
Message from the founder:“Hi! I’m Kendra. I’m a wife, mother, and homesteader. I love everything that has to do with simple living. I’m a canning instructor, an avid gardener, and a constant learner of old-fashioned skills. Here is where I share it all. Welcome to the adventure!”
How to properly use pepper spray
It is critical to know how to use pepper spray effectively because if you do not, you can put yourself into harm’s way. There is also the possibility of accidentally spraying yourself which will make it easier for your attacker to do with you what they want.
This section will teach you what not to do and also how to use the pepper spray canister appropriately.
1. Take the wind direction into consideration
I can still remember the day back when I first tested my new canister of pepper spray. I went outside on the street, aimed at a tree on the sidewalk and boom, the mist backfired and went straight back to my face.
Why did this happen?
It happened because of the wind. The other problem was that the force of my canister was not strong enough which resulted in a weak strength of mist (external factors can easily control the direction).
There are two ways to prevent this from happening to you. The first way is always to know the direction and strength of the wind. You do not want to release the pepper spray against the wind as it will blow the mist back to your face.
Secondly, you want to make sure that the force of the canister is strong enough which will also prevent the mist from heading back to your face. The wind will also blow the mist away from your attacker which makes it less effective.
2. Hold the pepper spray canister the right way
Most canisters will be cylinder shaped which makes it easy to hold with your hand. You should keep the canister with a firm grip as your attacker might try to disarm you.
Use your thumb instead of your index finger to press the button on top which will release the pepper spray. This method will ensure that you have a better grip and more control over the bottle. The image below will show you the correct way to hold the canister.
You will also notice that if you want to press the button with your index finger, that there will be a space between the bottle and the palm of your hand which compromises grip and control.
3. Keep your arm slightly bent
It is terrible practice to fully stretch out your arm to your attacker while holding the bottle. The reasoning behind this is that when stretching your arm fully, it will be easier for your attacker to get hold of your arm and also preventing you from defending yourself.
Every self-defense instructor will tell you to slightly bend your arms and knees to have more control and to prevent your attacker from dislocating your joints.
4. Remove the safety cap
Pepper spray canisters will have a safety cap on top to prevent you from accidentally pressing the button on top and releasing the pepper spray. Before you can use the bottle for self-defense, you need to know how to remove the cap quickly.
You can do this by using your thumb and pressing the cap upwards which will release it from the top of the bottle. Try not to use your other hand or index finger as it takes too much time.
5. Keep a safe distance between you and your attacker
It is important to know that you want to keep an appropriate distance between you and your attacker before using the pepper spray. You do not want to be too close as you want to keep a safe distance and you do not want to be too far as you want the stream to reach your attacker.
A reasonable guesstimate would be around three to four meters between you and your attacker. You can also adjust this distance according to what the instructions manual says. Try not to use at a distance of fewer than two meters.
6. You should aim for the face
When aiming make sure that the nozzle is pointing in the right direction. You also want to aim for the face where you have a good chance of the spray hitting the eyes, nose, and mouth. You preferably want it to reach the eyes of your attacker.
Hitting the eyes will cause temporary blindness which will stop the attacker in their tracks.
7. Move out of the way after hitting the shot
Your attacker will still be able to know your location even after you effectively blinded them with your pepper spray. Your attacker might remember your position and will then try to reach you. If they manage to reach you, they can still cause harm even if they are blinded.
Their attack will also be more ferocious as you might have angered them with your pepper spray. You should also not try to assault your attacker after blinding them. Escape from the scene as fast as possible.
8. How many sprays are left
What if you carried an empty canister with you all along? There are few things worse than having a false sense of security. This is why you need to know how many shots your canister has left.
Most manufacturers will give you the exact amount of shots that you can take with the bottle. You can also shake it now and again to feel if there is any liquid left inside to confirm the volume inside the container.
Pepper Spray Delivery Systems
Pepper spray is an effective and concentrated inflammatory agent which is typically sprayed from a pressurized container.
There are other forms of pepper spray delivery systems, and we will discuss those in a moment, but we will start with the most readily available styles in the US: Stream and Gel
Stream: A liquid spray which easily penetrates the eyes, nose and lungs. Splatters to cover a wider area and can also affect space beyond the immediate spray area. Susceptible to strong wind and reverse contamination.
Gel: Can shoot further than spray in a tighter, more concentrated area. Less splatter than liquid but less likely to be absorbed into nose or lungs.
Stream Spray delivery
There are other types of : Foam, Cone, Fog and Projectile.
Foam: Not as common as the other types. Less effective range than stream or gel. Greatest pain generation if attempted to wipe off.
Cone: Less effective than stream or gel, but highly effective on the respiratory system. Significant risk of self contamination in enclosed areas or environmental factors (wind) due to wide area of spray.
Fog: Not available for individual use, it is designed for correctional and riot control applications.
Projectile: These are pepper “bullets” if you will. They have the best range and as a result the lowest risk of self contamination. They cost more and the delivery systems are more complex than sprays. Limited number of projectiles in delivery system.
Pepper spray treatment
If you should ever find yourself on the other side of a pepper spray canister or if you accidentally sprayed yourself in the face, then you might want to read this section on how to treat the effects of pepper spray.
1. Do not touch your eyes
By touching your eyes, you will contaminate your hands with pepper spray residue. If your hands or fingers are contaminated, you can potentially affect other areas of your body or other people with your touch.
2. Blink your eyes rapidly
Your eyes will start to release tears once you blink them. These tears are very helpful at washing away some of the oil out of your eyes.
3. Use gloves
If you are the person that treats someone who got pepper spray in their eyes, then you need to wear latex gloves.
4. Wash their eyes with milk
Milk is fat soluble and can help by bonding with the pepper spray which will remove it out of your eyes. It is important to remember that capsaicin is oil based and will bond with any other oily substance.
5. Use saline water
Saline water is also a good option for those that do not have access to milk. Just make sure the saline flows continuously over the patient’s eyes to wash away some of the pepper spray particles. Milk of magnesia is also a good option.
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Burning Skin (aka Hot Pepper Hands) How to treat burning skin from chili peppers
Try rubbing alcohol first to remove the burning oil. Then, soak the skin in milk or another dairy product. Only use water or saline for your eyes, however, and please remember that the best way to combat the chile pepper heat is to use rubber gloves when handling peppers.
Also, this was suggested by a poison control center for those times you do not have a dairy product on hand: Wash the skin with warm, soapy water. Rub the skin with vegetable or olive oil and let set a minute. Rinse.
Step 7: Filter the Mix
Place a coffe filter over the top of a cup
No pour the mix over the filter and wait till all the “Juice” seeps through
You now have very fine/pure pepper spray
Just smelling the mix caused my eyes to water! It works!
The Scoville Scale
If you like spicy foods, then you might be familiar with the Scoville scale, which measures the heat index of various peppers based on heat units. The higher the heat unit number, the hotter the pepper is. Here is an example:
If you are thinking of a pepper spray for self-defense, use a more fiery pepper, such as the habanero or hotter. Cayenne could work as an irritant, but probably not enough to stop the person for very long. So, you would have to be quick in your getaway. The stronger the pepper, the longer it should incapacitate the assailant. And, to add yet another layer to slowing the attacker down, add some black pepper to stimulate coughing.
However, please keep in mind that a pepper spray will have the same effect on an innocent person as it does an assailant. So, be careful where you store the spray, as well as how it’s handled.
For getting rid of the garden nibblers, something as low on the Scoville Scale as the jalapeno could work. You can also combine peppers to make your own strength.
I’m going to make a batch with a mix of cayenne and habanero. I don’t want the heat to be too high, because I will use it primarily to protect the plants. However, with a little bit of added habanero, I will add a little to a smaller spritzer that I can carry for self-protection.
You were pepper-sprayed: now what?
Most of the time, pepper spray is not used to control a crowd, but to deter or incapacitate a person in a one-on-one situation. The weapon’s sole purpose is to stop an attacker by inducing an almost-immediate burning sensation on their skin and in their eyes, nose, and mouth.
It’s similar to how you may feel when you’re chopping onions—your eyes immediately become irritated and you start to tear up. If you’ve been unfortunate enough to actually touch your eyes after slicing up a hot pepper, you’ve probably experienced another common pepper spray reaction—a blepharospasm.
That’s when your eyes shut tight and you have no control over your eyelids, so you can’t open them up. This is an automatic bodily response that aims to protect your eyes from whatever is irritating them, but it’s a bit counterintuitive—your eyes produce tears to wash away the irritant, so not being able to blink makes it harder to flush out. And that’s not the only problem.
“You can’t keep your eyes open, which often causes disorientation and agitation,” says Rohini Haar, an emergency physician and a research fellow at the Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley.
Wearing tight swimming goggles or even big ski goggles may help protect your eyes, but recent videos from the protests against police brutality show law enforcement getting really close to demonstrators. Some officers have even pulled down protective equipment such as face masks or glasses before they spray. If this happens to you, goggles may not help, but they might redirect some of the spray or give you an extra second to duck.
Even if the spray doesn’t go directly into your nose and mouth, the agitation will make you breathe harder. This will make you inhale the spray, spreading the irritation and burning sensation into your airways and lungs. You will start to cough and your nose and mouth will produce extra saliva and mucus as your body tries to get rid of the OC. This might trigger a suffocating feeling that can lead to panic.
“The whole point is to get people to disperse,” says Harr. “But getting pepper sprayed has never caused people to calmly and safely disperse.”
Because OC spray is an oil, it’s hard to wash off and its effects last longer. The best way to eliminate it is to wash the area thoroughly with soap and water. Baby shampoo is a less-irritating alternative, says Harr. Milk has also been reported to help with symptoms, but there’s no scientific evidence to back this up. Also, oil repels milk, so dumping dairy on your face won’t help get OC spray off your skin.
If you ever get sprayed, first find help from somebody who can be your eyes and then immediately move somewhere safe where you can wash your face. Afterward, stay in an open space and wait it out—the air will help you recover. Psychologically speaking, having a particular goal or task in mind has been proven to help people fight through the effects of pepper spray despite the discomfort. Just keep thinking about the next step you need to take—to find water or get to a quieter place—and focus on that.
Sadly, once your skin, eyes, and airways are irritated, there’s not much you can do about it. Soap, fresh air, and even commercially available pepper spray relief will help prevent further contamination but won’t soothe your pain. Ingesting pepper spray affects your body differently, but you’ve still got to wait out the effects.
Rohini says she’s had to treat pepper spray victims in the ER. Those who were sprayed directly in the mouth experienced severe gastrointestinal distress, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain that lasted hours—sometimes days. Unfortunately, there’s not much doctors can do to stop the source of those problems, she says.
“I could give you something for your nausea and something for your pain, and some fluids,” she says. “But it’s just to treat your symptoms. You can’t fix that irritation.”
It might be hard not to scream while you’re being pepper-sprayed, but you should try to keep your mouth closed as much as you can to prevent ingestion. The less OC there is in your digestive system, the better.
No matter where the spray hits you, seek medical attention if any symptoms last for more than 45 minutes or if you find the situation is unbearable even before that time.
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