How to Create Citations and Bibliography in Google Docs

Citation Interface

The Zotero Connector adds a Zotero menu to the Google Docs interface:

 It also adds a toolbar button for one-click citin

It also adds a toolbar button for one-click citing:

 In the Zotero menu, you'll find the followin

In the Zotero menu, you'll find the following options:

Add/Edit Citation Add a new citation or edit an existing citation in your document at the cursor location. Add/Edit Bibliography Insert a bibliography at the cursor location or edit an existing bibliography. Preferences Open the Document Preferences window, e.g. to change the citation style. Refresh Refresh all citations and the bibliography, updating any item metadata that has changed in your Zotero library. Unlink Citations Unlink Zotero citations in the document by removing the field codes. This prevents any further automatic updates of the citations and bibliographies. Note that removing field codes is irreversible and should usually only be done in a final copy of your document.


Insert an In-Text Citation

1. In the text of your document, place your cursor where you want the citation to appear.

2. In the Citations sidebar, hover over the source you want to cite.

3. A Cite button appears on the side of the citation source.

4. Click Cite.

5. The source appears in your selected style within the text of your document.

6. If a “#” appears in the text of your document, delete it or replace it with the page

Insert Citation In Google Docs – All Best Citations

Mar 30, 2022 · Insert citation in google docs. Now go to the source in the citation window on the right and. From the list, select footnote or press ctrl+alt+f. In google docs, open up your document and click on the (explore) button in the bottom right corner. Then follow the next part to add endnotes. How to insert and edit citations in google docs documents.

Making a Bibliography

For papers that require a bibliography, Explore may not be ideal. Instead of having the citations at the bottom of the page, bibliographies are typically put at the very end of the paper. If your institute requires a bibliography instead, there’s two ways you can get around this.

Cut and Paste the Citations

There’s no way to set Explore to make a bibliography automatically, so you’ll have to make one yourself. Cite sources as you would above, then shift all the footnotes it creates into a bibliography section. Make sure the citation style matches what is required for the bibliography.

Use an Addon

Alternatively, Google Docs has some nice addons which automate the process for you and generate a bibliography on the fly. One such addon is EasyBib Bibliography Creator. It can be installed into Docs and used to create a full bibliography. Once installed, access it using the “Addons” menu at the top of Google Docs.

How to Cite Sources and Include a Bibliography in Google Docs…

May 24, 2021 · Google Docs offers a handy way to include a list of citations. You can use this list to cite sources directly in your document or simply …

How to Insert and Edit Citations in Google Docs Document

Step 1: Open up your Google Docs document. Go to Tools and select Citations from the list.

Step 2: Move your cursor to the text where you want to add a citation. Now in the citations panel on your right, go to the source and click on the Cite option that appears.

Once added, you can edit the citations as you see

Once added, you can edit the citations as you see fit. For instance, you can replace the ‘#’ with a page number. You can also delete the citation by using the three-dot menu icon next to the cite option.

How to Make the Footer Different on Each Page of the Google Docs? 

While adding a footnote in your document is a pretty easy task, you will need some tricks to make a footer different on each Google Docs page. This is because Google Docs doesn’t allow the users to use different footers on different pages of the document directly. 

But don’t worry! We have got you covered. You can make a footer different on each page of Google Docs by using section breaks. 

So, how do you do it? Enclosed below are the steps required to make the footer difference on each page of Google Docs:

  1. Open the Google Docs document to the page where you want to have a different footer.
  2. Put the cursor at the end of the last sentence of the previous page.
  3. Click on Insert -> Break-> Section break (next page).
  4. The cursor will automatically move to the next page, where a section break line will be added. 
  5. Add your footer content
  6. Repeat the same steps for all the pages you want to add a different footer. 

How to add citation sources in a Google Doc

With a Google Doc open in your web browser:

1. Select Tools, then Citations. The Citations side panel will display to the right of your Google Doc (Figure A).

Figure A

With a Google Doc open in a web browser, select To
With a Google Doc open in a web browser, select Tools, then Citations.

2. If needed, use the drop-down menu to modify the citation format.

The system supports three citation formats (as of mid-October 2020):

  • MLA (Modern Language Association), often used in the humanities;
  • APA (American Psychological Association), typically used in education and social sciences; and
  • Chicago Author-Date (University of Chicago), generally used in history and the sciences.

3. Select + Add Citation Source.4. Adjust the Source type drop-down menu to match your cited material:

  • Book
  • Book section
  • Website
  • Journal article
  • Newspaper article

5. If needed, adjust the Accessed By options:

  • Print
  • Website
  • Online database

6. Enter as many details as possible about your source material into the data fields in the side panel (Figure B). At a minimum, complete the recommended fields, which the system indicates with an asterisk next to data field labels. For example, recommended fields for a print book source include:

  • First name and last name of the author
  • Title
  • Publisher
  • Published year

Figure B

Enter as many details as possible for each source.
Enter as many details as possible for each source.

7. After you’ve entered citation details, select the Add Citation Source button at the bottom of the side panel. This adds your source as a citable item.8. Repeat the process above for each and every source you need to cite in your Google Doc.

Performing Research

Now that the Explore panel is open, you can use it to perform research. The easiest way to think about Explore is like a personal Google you can have open on the side of your document as you’re writing. As such, whenever you need to look something up, you can type it into the Explore panel as you would into Google. Explore will show you a list of results.

Click on the one you like the look of the most, and it will appear in a new tab for you to read. If you already have a website in mind that you’d like to cite, you can simply enter the URL into the search box and Explore will do the rest.

If you notice, along the top is the option for images. By clicking on each image, you can see a larger version of it, as well as details on its usage license. Clicking “Insert” adds the image to your document. Make sure it has the correct license, and always cite work if needed!

Delete a citation source

  1. In the Citations sidebar, hover over the source you want to delete. A Menu Click Menu    Delete. button appears on the side of the citation source.
  2. Click Menu   Delete Delete.


So there you go! You now know multiple ways to use footnotes in your Google Docs. So what are you waiting for? Go ahead, follow these steps, and create footnotes in your documents. 

Customizing Cites

Citations can be customized in various ways.

If a citation is simply incorrect or missing data, start by making sure that the item metadata in Zotero is correct and complete, and then click Refresh in the plugin to update your document with any changes.

Other customizations can be made via the citation dialog. Click an existing citation in your document and click Add/Edit Citation to open the citation dialog, and then click the citation bubble to open the cite options window, where you can make the following changes.

Page and Other Locators

 In some cases you want to cite a certain part of

In some cases you want to cite a certain part of an item, e.g. a certain page, page range or volume. This additional cite-specific information (e.g. “pp. 4-7” in the cite “Doe et al. 2001, p. 4-7”) is called the “locator”.

The cite options windows has a drop-down list of the different locator types (“Page” is the default), and a text box in which you can enter the locator value (e.g. “4-7”). To cite a locator other than the ones listed (e.g., “Table), use the Suffix field.

You can also add page numbers from the keyboard as you insert citations. Search for an item, press Enter once to add to the citing dialog, and then, before pressing Enter again to insert it into the document, simply type “p.34” or similar, and the page number will be added to the citation.

Prefix and Suffix

The “Prefix” and “Suffix” text boxes allow you to specify text to respectively precede and follow the automatically generated cite. For example, instead of “Tribe 1999”, you might want “cf. Tribe 1999, see also…”.

Any text in the prefix and suffix fields can be formatted with the HTML tags <i> (for italics), <b> (bold), <sub> (subscript), and <sup> (superscript). For example, typing ”<i>cf</i>. the classic example“ will be displayed as ”cf. the classic example“.

Prefixes and suffixes can be applied to each item in a citation to create complex citations. For example: ”(see Smith 1776 for the classic example; Marx 1867 presents and alternate view)“. Modifying citations by entering text into the Prefix and Suffix fields is always preferable to directly typing in the citation fields in the document. Manual modifications will prevent Zotero from automatically updating the citation.

Suppress Authors: Using Authors in the Text

With author-date styles, authors are often moved into the text and omitted from the following parentheses-enclosed citation, e.g.: ”…according to Smith (1776) the division of labor is crucial…“. To omit the authors from the cite, check the “Suppress Author” box (this will result in a cite like ”(1776)“ instead of ”(Smith, 1776)“) and write the author's name (“Smith”) as part of the regular text in your document.

Citations with Multiple Cited Items

 To create a citation containing multiple cites (e

To create a citation containing multiple cites (e.g., ”[2,4-6]“ for numeric styles or ”(Smith 1776, Schumpeter 1962)“ for author-date styles), add them one after the other in the Add Citation box. After selecting the first item, don't press Enter/Return, but type the author, title, or year of the next item.

 Some citation styles require that items within on

Some citation styles require that items within one in-text citations are ordered either alphabetically (e.g., ”(Doe 2000, Grey 1994, Smith 2008)“) or chronologically (”(Grey 1994, Doe 2000, Smith 2008)“). Zotero will follow these sort rules automatically.

  • To disable automatic sorting of the cites in the citation, drag the citations to rearrange them in the Add Citation box. You can also click the “Z” icon on the left side of the Add Citation box and uncheck the “Keep Sources Sorted” option. This option only appears for citation styles that specify a sort order for citations. To restore automatic sorting, re-check the “Keep Sources Sorted” option.

Switching to the "Classic View"

You can switch to the "Classic View" citation dialog by clicking the “Z” icon on the left side of the Citation box, and selecting “Classic View”. To permanently switch to the classic view check the “Use classic Add Citation view” checkbox in the Cite pane of Zotero preferences.

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